What Are The Two Basic Principles Of Prevention Of Infectious Disease?

What is the prevention of infectious disease?

You can also reduce your risk of contracting an infectious disease by: Washing your hands with soap and water, thoroughly and frequently.

Covering your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough.

Disinfecting frequently touched surfaces in your home and workplace..

What are the principles of disease control?

Disease prevention and control involves the three interrelated processes of bioexclusion, surveillance, and biocontainment. Disease challenge management must be considered to be an integral part of any poultry business risk management program.

What is the most important method of preventing infectious disease?

Wash Your Hands -The single most important way to prevent the spread of infectious diseases is to wash your hands. Most infections, particularly the common cold and gastroenteritis, are contracted when our germ infested hands come in contact with our mouths.

What diseases have been cured?

To date, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared only 2 diseases officially eradicated: smallpox caused by variola virus (VARV) and rinderpest caused by the rinderpest virus (RPV).

How do you prevent infection in the body?

Good hygiene: the primary way to prevent infectionsWash your hands well. … Cover a cough. … Wash and bandage all cuts. … Do not pick at healing wounds or blemishes, or squeeze pimples.Don’t share dishes, glasses, or eating utensils.Avoid direct contact with napkins, tissues, handkerchiefs, or similar items used by others.

Can a bacteria be cured?

Most bacterial diseases can be treated with antibiotics, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. Viruses pose a challenge to the body’s immune system because they hide inside cells.

What are the main causes of infection?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

Which disease has no cure?

HIV/AIDS – No cure exists for HIV/AIDS, but medication exists that can help control the symptoms of it. Huntington’s disease – Inherited disease that causes the progressive breakdown (degeneration) of nerve cells in the brain. Hydrocephalus – No cure exists for this (physical)neurological disorder.

How do we prevent bacteria?

Keep the germs away:Wash your hands before eating, or touching your eyes, nose or mouth.Wash your hands after touching anyone who is sneezing, coughing or blowing their nose.Don’t share things like towels, lipstick, toys, or anything else that might be contaminated with respiratory germs.More items…

What are the principles of disease?

The Dahlem Workshop discussed the hierarchy of possible public health interventions in dealing with infectious diseases, which were deflned as control, elimination of disease, elimination of infections, eradication, and extinction.

What disease can cure?

5 Diseases That May Be Cured Within Our LifetimeHIV/AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV, was only discovered mere decades ago. … Alzheimer’s Disease. Alzheimer’s affects nearly 5.7 million Americans who struggle with varying stages of dementia. … Cancer. Cancer refers to the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. … Cystic Fibrosis. … Heart Disease.

Which disease is the biggest killer in the world?

The leading cause is cardiovascular disease at 31.59% of all deaths.