What Are Five Risk Factors For CAD?

What are the 5 risk factors of heart disease?

What health conditions increase the risk of heart disease?High blood pressure.

High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease.

Unhealthy blood cholesterol levels.

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance made by the liver or found in certain foods.

Diabetes mellitus.


Who is most at risk for heart disease?

Major risk factors that can’t be changedIncreasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…

Which of the following risk factors is associated with coronary artery disease CAD quizlet?

Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of coronary artery diseases (CAD). Women below the age of 40 are generally premenopausal. The cardioprotective effects of estrogen make premenopausal women less susceptible for developing atherosclerosis, which can lead to CAD.

What are the signs of an unhealthy heart?

10 SIGNS OF AN UNHEALTHY HEART YOU NEED TO KNOW. Heart problems are the leading cause of death in the United States. … Aching In The Shoulder and Chest. … Snoring and Sleeping Problems. … Difficulty With Sexual Function. … Irregular Heartbeat. … Sore Gums and Jaw, Mouth Problems. … Puffy Legs and Feet. … Shortness Of Breath and Fatigue.More items…

What is a controllable risk factor?

Controllable risk factors are those which you can take steps to change or influence. Diet. Smoking. Excessive alcohol consumption. Inactivity.

How can a person reduce their risk for CAD?

How to prevent CAD naturallyEat a heart-healthy diet. Certain foods protect your heart, while others contribute to the formation of artery-clogging plaques. … Get more active. Aerobic exercise strengthens the heart muscle. … Lose weight. … Lower blood pressure. … Limit alcohol. … Keep blood sugar under control. … Reduce stress.

What are the five risk factors for CAD quizlet?

family history.obesity.high fat intake.diabetes.sedentary lifestyle.alcohol abuse.smoking.

What are the 4 uncontrollable risk factors?

The “uncontrollable” risk factors are: Age (the risk increases with age)…The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress.

What increases your chances of having a heart attack?

Several health conditions, your lifestyle, and your age and family history can increase your risk for heart disease and heart attack. These are called risk factors. About half of all Americans have at least one of the three key risk factors for heart disease: high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and smoking.

What are the 4 signs your heart is quietly failing?

Heart failure signs and symptoms may include:Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you exert yourself or when you lie down.Fatigue and weakness.Swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet.Rapid or irregular heartbeat.Reduced ability to exercise.Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm.More items…

Does your body warn you before a heart attack?

We might pause at these moments and wonder if it’s time to hightail it the doctor or if this is normal. The reality is people can notice subtle heart attack symptoms months before an actual event occurs, says Sutter Zi-Jian Xu, M.D., a cardiologist in the Sutter Health network.

What does a mini heart attack feel like?

SMI warning signs It can feel like an uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, or pain. Discomfort in other upper-body areas, such as one or both arms, the back, the neck, the jaw, or the stomach. Shortness of breath before or during chest discomfort. Breaking out in a cold sweat, or feeling nauseated or lightheaded.

What are the 11 coronary risk factors?

There are many risk factors for CAD and some can be controlled but not others. The risk factors that can be controlled (modifiable) are: High BP; high blood cholesterol levels; smoking; diabetes; overweight or obesity; lack of physical activity; unhealthy diet and stress.

Who is at high risk of heart attack?

Men age 45 or older and women age 55 or older are more likely to have a heart attack than are younger men and women. Tobacco. This includes smoking and long-term exposure to secondhand smoke. High blood pressure.

What are two secondary risk factors for heart disease?

Age, kidney disease, and hormonal imbalance are a few things causing this phenomenon. Fibrinogen provides an important blood clotting effect that is essential to healing if you have a cut, however, when levels are elevated, it can put you at increased risk of heart disease.

What are the 4 stages of heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans.

Which are considered to be risk factors in the development of hypertension?

Risk factors that can increase your risk of high blood pressure include health conditions, your lifestyle, and your family history. Some of the risk factors for high blood pressure cannot be controlled, such as your age or family history.

Which of the following is considered a risk factor for coronary artery disease quizlet?

Hypertension – Raised systolic and diastolic blood pressure is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease including IHD, CVD (cardiovascular disease) and heart failure. Hypertension is a modifiable or non-modifiable risk factor for coronary artery disease.

Which of the following will lead to a reduction in heart disease risk?

Eat a healthy diet. Try to limit saturated fats, foods high in sodium, and added sugars. Eat plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. The DASH diet is an example of an eating plan that can help you to lower your blood pressure and cholesterol, two things that can lower your risk of heart disease.

What are the warning signs of clogged arteries?

Do clogged arteries cause any symptoms?Chest pain.Shortness of breath.Heart palpitations.Weakness or dizziness.Nausea.Sweating.

What is a positive risk factor?

What is a Positive Risk? Positive risks are event which have a positive impact on your objectives. I think it’s the word “risk” that throws many people off. For many people the term “risk” has negative connotations; i.e. something bad will happen, I will lose money, get injured, crash my car etc..

Why is hostility linked to increased risk of coronary heart disease?

“Perhaps the reason why hostility was such a factor in predicting heart disease is because these men had a narrower range of other factors like high cholesterol or high blood pressure.”

Which of the following instruments is used to assess hypertension?

A sphygmomanometer has three parts: a cuff that can be inflated with air, a pressure meter (manometer) for measuring air pressure in the cuff, and. a stethoscope for listening to the sound the blood makes as it flows through the brachial artery (the major artery found in your upper arm).

What factors are important in reducing coronary risk quizlet?

tobacco use; and diet. Relaxation and stress reduction can reduce the risk of developing CHD./ Exercise and a low-sodium diet can reduce blood pressure for many individuals./ Exercise and being physically active are very important in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease and CHD in particular.