What Are Epidemiological Risk Factors?

What are the 3 types of risk factors?

The three categories of risk factors are detailed here:Increasing Age.

The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older.

Male gender.

Heredity (including race) …

Tobacco smoke.

High blood cholesterol.

High blood pressure.

Physical inactivity.

Obesity and being overweight.More items….

What are the 5 risk factors?

The five risk factors are: increased blood pressure (greater than 130/85 mmHg)…Your doctor may check one or more of the following:waist circumference.fasting blood triglycerides.cholesterol levels.blood pressure.fasting glucose level.

What are the 4 uncontrollable risk factors?

The “uncontrollable” risk factors are: Age (the risk increases with age)…The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress.

Which is the most powerful epidemiological study?

Randomized, controlled clinical trials are the most powerful designs possible in medical research, but they are often expensive and time-consuming.

What is the strongest study design?

A well-designed randomized controlled trial, where feasible, is generally the strongest study design for evaluating an intervention’s effectiveness.

What are epidemiological factors?

By definition, epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, and data-driven) of the distribution (frequency, pattern) and determinants (causes, risk factors) of health-related states and events (not just diseases) in specified populations (neighborhood, school, city, state, country, global).

What is meant by the term risk factor?

Risk factor: Something that increases a person’s chances of developing a disease. For example, cigarette smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, and obesity is a risk factor for heart disease.

What are the 3 major types of epidemiologic studies?

Three major types of epidemiologic studies are cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies (study designs are discussed in more detail in IOM, 2000). A cohort, or longitudinal, study follows a defined group over time.

What are the three components of epidemiology?

The epidemiologic triangle is made up of three parts: agent, host and environment.Agent. The agent is the microorganism that actually causes the disease in question. … Host. The agent infects the host, which is the organism that carries the disease. … Environment. … HIV.

What are 3 ways to evaluate a risk factor?

There are three ways you can evaluate a risk factor. Consider both short- and long-term consequences. Decide whether you can control the risk factor. Analyze the possible benefits and risks of a decision.

What is a positive risk factor?

What is a Positive Risk? Positive risks are event which have a positive impact on your objectives. I think it’s the word “risk” that throws many people off. For many people the term “risk” has negative connotations; i.e. something bad will happen, I will lose money, get injured, crash my car etc..

What is epidemiologic evidence?

The epidemiologic evidence included in the systematic review is then described in narrative and in tabular form, providing summaries of the type of study, characteristics of the population studied (e.g., age range, ethnicity, geographic location, social class), the way in which the exposure factor of interest was …