Question: Which State Has Maximum Biodiversity In India?

Which has highest diversity in India?

A single species might show high diversity at the genetic level over its distributional range.

India has more than 50,000 genetically different strains of rice, and 1,000 varieties of mango..

Which country has the lowest biodiversity?

Because little to nothing grows in ground that is frozen year-round except for some forms of microscopic life, the arctic biome has the least amount of diversity among all the major ecosystems of the Earth. Covered in ice, most of the region experiences deeply cold temperatures.

What is the rank of India in biodiversity?

ninthIntroduction to Biodiversity: India is one of the world’s ‘mega diversity’ countries. It is ranked ninth in the world in terms of higher plant species richness. At the ecosystem level, India is also well-endowed, with ten distinct biogeographic zones.

How many hotspots exist in India?

4India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots:the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

Which country supports almost 10% of biodiversity on the earth?

Being one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, South Africa contains nearly 10 % of all known species of fish, birds and plants.

Which country grows most trees?

Suriname is the most forested country in the world. Dotted across 1.6 million square kilometres of the Pacific Ocean, the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is made up of over 600 islands, divided between four states – Yap, Chuuk, Kosrae, and Pohnpei.

Which state is the most biodiversity?

CaliforniaFollowing on from Joseph’s answer, California is classed as the most biodiverse. The four states with the largest level of biodiversity are California, Hawaii, Alabama, and Texas. California tops the list in both diversity (number of species) and endemism (number of unique species).

Where do we find maximum biodiversity?

tropical rain forestsOption A: The maximum biodiversity is found in tropical rain forests as they are less seasonal, they are neither too hot nor too cold and are more predictable.

Which place of India is rich in biodiversity?

Biodiversity hotspots are located only in tropical regions. India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Which are the 12 mega biodiversity countries?

Coverage. The identified Megadiverse Countries are: United States of America, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Madagascar, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, China, and Australia.

Why India is a mega biodiversity country?

India is a mega-biodiversity country. It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the North East Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

Which state in India has minimum biodiversity?

RajasthanThe Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity. The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.

Which has maximum biodiversity?

Earth’s most diverse and iconic biomes is the tropical rainforest. The tropical rainforest biome has four main characteristics: very high annual rainfall, high average temperatures, nutrient-poor soil, and high levels of biodiversity (species richness).

Why India is called mega diversity nation?

Mega means large so mega diversity means a large number and wide range of species present in an ecosystem. As India is very rich in the diversity of plants and animals, so it is called as mega diversity centre .

Where can you find biodiversity?

A large proportion of the world’s terrestrial biodiversity at the species level is concentrated in a small part of the world, mostly in the tropics. Even among the larger and more mobile species, such as terrestrial vertebrates, more than one third of all species have ranges of less than 1,000 square kilometers.

Which country is the smallest?

Vatican CityBased on landmass, Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, measuring just 0.2 square miles, almost 120 times smaller than the island of Manhattan.

Which country has the greatest biodiversity?

BrazilBrazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savana-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

Where is sundaland in India?

Sundaland. This region lies in South-East Asia and includes Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, and Malaysia. The Nicobar Islands represent India. These islands were declared as the world biosphere reserve in 2013 by the United Nations.