Question: What Are The Two Main Causes Of Cardiovascular Disease?

What are the warning signs of high cholesterol?

The most common symptoms include:angina, chest pain.nausea.extreme fatigue.shortness of breath.pain in the neck, jaw, upper abdomen, or back.numbness or coldness in your extremities..

What does a blocked artery feel like?

At other times, especially when the artery is blocked by 70% or more, the buildup of arterial plaque may cause symptoms that include: Chest pain. Shortness of breath. Heart palpitations.

Can cardiovascular disease be cured?

A: Although we can’t cure heart disease, we can make it better. Most forms of heart disease are very treatable today. There is some evidence that normalizing high blood pressure and lowering cholesterol to very low levels will partially reverse plaques in the coronary arteries.

What are examples of risk factors?

Risk factor examplesNegative attitudes, values or beliefs.Low self-esteem.Drug, alcohol or solvent abuse.Poverty.Children of parents in conflict with the law.Homelessness.Presence of neighbourhood crime.Early and repeated anti-social behaviour.More items…•

What are the main causes of heart failure?

What causes heart failure?cardiomyopathy, a disorder of the heart muscle that causes the heart to become weak.a congenital heart defect.a heart attack.heart valve disease.certain types of arrhythmias, or irregular heart rhythms.high blood pressure.emphysema, a disease of the lung.diabetes.More items…

What are the 4 signs your heart is quietly failing?

Heart failure signs and symptoms may include:Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you exert yourself or when you lie down.Fatigue and weakness.Swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet.Rapid or irregular heartbeat.Reduced ability to exercise.Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm.More items…

What are the warning signs of cardiovascular disease?

General Warning Signs and SymptomsExtreme fatigue.Constant dizziness or lightheadedness.A fast heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute)A new, irregular heartbeat.Chest pain or discomfort during activity that goes away with rest.Difficulty breathing during regular activities and rest.More items…

What are the six cardinal signs of cardiovascular disease?

Symptomspain or pressure in the chest, which may indicate angina.pain or discomfort in the arms, left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back.shortness of breath.nausea and fatigue.lightheadedness or dizziness.cold sweats.

What are the symptoms of the final stages of congestive heart failure?

The symptoms of end-stage congestive heart failure include dyspnea, chronic cough or wheezing, edema, nausea or lack of appetite, a high heart rate, and confusion or impaired thinking.

What are the main causes of cardiovascular disease?

Causes of CVDHigh blood pressure. High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the most important risk factors for CVD. … Smoking. Smoking and other tobacco use is also a significant risk factor for CVD. … High cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Inactivity. … Being overweight or obese. … Family history of CVD. … Ethnic background.More items…

What are three warning signs or symptoms of cardiovascular disease?

SymptomsChest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure and chest discomfort (angina)Shortness of breath.Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed.Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back.

Can you have heart failure and not know it?

If you have heart failure, you may not have any symptoms, or the symptoms may range from mild to severe. Symptoms can be constant or can come and go. Heart failure symptoms are related to the changes that occur to your heart and body, and the severity depends on how weak your heart is.

How can I make my heart strong?

7 powerful ways you can strengthen your heartGet moving. Your heart is a muscle and, as with any muscle, exercise is what strengthens it. … Quit smoking. Quitting smoking is tough. … Lose weight. Losing weight is more than just diet and exercise. … Eat heart-healthy foods. … Don’t forget the chocolate. … Don’t overeat. … Don’t stress.

What are the controllable risk factors of cardiovascular disease?

The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress.

Can you prevent cardiovascular disease?

Choose Healthy Habits Be sure to eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables and fewer processed foods. Eating lots of foods high in saturated fat and trans fat may contribute to heart disease. Eating foods high in fiber and low in saturated fats, trans fat, and cholesterol can help prevent high cholesterol.

What is the difference between heart disease and cardiovascular disease?

Heart disease is the same thing as cardiac disease, but it is not the same thing as cardiovascular disease (CVD). Cardio refers to the heart and vascular refers to all the blood vessels in the body. Cardiovascular disease refers to disease of the heart or blood vessels.

What are 2 factors that contribute to cardiovascular disease?

A: Risk factors for heart disease and other cardiovascular disease include:Smoking.Lack of exercise.Diet.Obesity.High blood pressure.High LDL or low HDL cholesterol levels.Family history of heart disease or other cardiovascular disease.Age.

What are the 6 main risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

Major risk factors that can’t be changedIncreasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…

What are the 4 stages of heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans.

Who is at risk for heart failure?

Coronary artery disease, heart attack, and high blood pressure are the main causes and risk factors of heart failure. Other diseases that damage or weaken the heart muscle or heart valves can also cause heart failure. Heart failure is most common in people over age 65, African-Americans, and women.

What is the best treatment for heart disease?

Treatment usually depends on the cause of heart failure, but often includes drugs to help control symptoms, such as diuretics or water pills to flush the body of fluids, beta-blockers to block adrenaline’s action, and ACE inhibitors to help modulate sodium and potassium balance and improve blood pressure levels.

What are the signs of worsening heart failure?

Warning signs of worsening heart failureSudden weight gain (2–3 pounds in one day or 5 or more pounds in one week)Extra swelling in the feet or ankles.Swelling or pain in the abdomen.Shortness of breath not related to exercise.Discomfort or trouble breathing when lying flat.Waking up short of breath.More items…